Ground stone celts (adze and chisel blades). Source: Katzie.ca
Hmmm: the pictures are low resolution, there isn’t much annotation, many are of replicas, and the page design HTML is wonky, causing a lot of sideways scrolling. Yet I really like the Katzie First Nation’s artifact gallery. And no, its not only because they give ground stone its rightful pride of place. Though, in the image above, feast your eyes on the uppermost left specimen – an unusual yet definitive example of a broad celt being bisected to form two narrow ones. In essence, an adze is being turned into two chisels. Chew on that, Spaulding and Ford. Also check out the specimens in the centre-right, where the sharpened bits differ in colour from the bodies. These are either patinated specimens subsequently reground and recycled, or speak to a process of heat treating or oiling or similar to enhance the raw material. You could read all about this in my M.A. thesis if it were online, which it isn’t. Or wasn’t until five minutes ago. But I digress.
What I like is the text associated with these images.
Posted in Archaeology, First Nations, Lower Mainland, Northwest Coast, pics
Tagged british columbia, Coast Salish, Fraser River, Fraser Valley, Katzie, Katzie First Nation, museums
4,000 year old Wapato tubers from archaeological site in Katzie territory.
The Tyee has a nice feature on invigoration of traditional use of Wapato (“Indian Potato”) and Camas. I visited an open house at an archaeological site in Katzie territory a year or two ago and so here’s a couple of pictures of 4,000 year old Wapato tubers and a digging stick of presumably the same age which would have been used to help cultivate the wet beds. At that site (almost completely destroyed by the new Golden Ears suburban commuter bridge), there were signs of the creation of enhanced “water gardens” for Wapato, and not just the harvesting of what occurs naturally. Similarly, camas productivity was greatly enhanced by selective weeding and by the practice of tilling and selective bulb harvesting as well as deliberate burning to manage the camas fields. All in all, exploitation of many plant foods (and shellfish) formed a practice intermediate between farming and gathering, and thereby are a powerful line of evidence for traditional use of large areas of SW British Columbia. The Tyee article seems to me to be clear, accurate and informative. I recommend it.
Tip of a wooden digging stick, ca. 4000 years old, Katzie territory. Two others of the dozens found can be seen in the background.
Posted in anthropology, Archaeology, First Nations, Lower Mainland, Northwest Coast, Vancouver Island
Tagged anthropology, Archaeology, Beacon Hill Park, camas, Katzie, Songhees, Vancouver, Victoria BC, wapato