A few months ago I posted about the surface finds, or other finds without archaeological context, of the Clovis archaeological culture in Puget Sound, noting that this shouldn’t be all that surprising considering the well-known East Wenatchee (Richey-Roberts) Clovis Cache from just east of the Cascades. Clovis, as you may know, is an archaeological culture type long associated with the first peopling of the Americas, although a decreasing number of archaeologists think it reflects that series of events.
Anyway, you can review that other post for more details. What I’ve subsequently found is that the Washington State Historical Society has a colour gallery of all 49 of the artifacts from East Wenatchee. The pictures are not particularly high resolution but they are well-taken and well-lit and better than most you’ll find on the web. You can match the projectile points up to this diagram if you are feeling keen, or compare to the pictures at the lithic casting lab, some of which have hands and other useful sizing aids in them.
Even so, since they were scanned from 4 X 5 inch format negatives, it’s disappointing there is no higher resolution downloadable. For a fringe interest like this, and considering that bandwidth is practically free, let’s make this stuff available. You can click on the view options to, for example, see both sides of the artifact displayed at once. It’s also very surprising that there is no photo scale and dimensions are not given.
The gallery includes the bone and ivory “rods” which we also discussed earlier, and which I suggested might be projectile points in their own right. This is easy to accept in principle although of course Clovis is known for its stone projectile points and that could be a bit of a paradigmatic hurdle for some to overcome. Anyway, having seen some of these colour pictures I still have an open mind but some of them do seem suitable as foreshafts as well, as others have proposed. Below, see a figure of them (line drawings are often more informative anyway) from an article on Clovis bone and organic technology by Bruce Bradley, who proposes they are actually ceremonial items. That they were found in an enigmatic cache with some ridiculously overbuilt bifaces perhaps adds credence to this, but I’d still be inclined to look for function first, and in so doing not rule out any possibilities, including projectile points. Seeing decent pictures is a useful step on making my armchair diagnoses!
Wow, thats really cool to see all the ‘crappy’ stuff as well as the nice ones usually illustrated! The preforms are amazingly consistent and almost all show that overshot, or passe outre (sorry, I don’t do accent marks), crazy preform thinning technique essentially unique to Clovis.
There are a few of them that have dimensions in the description; but many are missing.
The classification is also weird, so many preforms are described as ‘projectile point’ and some clear blades and scrapers-on-blades are labelled as points. e.g., http://digitum.washingtonhistory.org/u?/archaeology,48
I’ve always wondered, but never learned, first, what type of rock were the large East Wenatchee Clovis points made of, and second, where was it quarried?
Mostly high grade Obsidian and Agate from Oregon. A great read on this site and the artifacts recovered was done by RM Gramley in 2004 in the Journal of the American Society for Amateur Archaeolgy Volume 10(1) ISSN 10963871
Thanks for the info Tony. I just ordered a copy of the ASAA vol. 10 (1) and am looking forward to reading it. I love the clovis points; true works of art. Tom
I have found one of the biggest sites and I believe a medicine man’s tools and such would like to sell could u help me ?